Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the specific language we have to understand what exactly language means. For a layman I would call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language isn’t just the exchange of words reasonably it is communication of emotions, expressions, and beliefs. This is likely to be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even vague or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the beginning of evolution of mankind. In several instances the modes of communication among the many mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to specific refers to language. It contains the words that are unsaid and expressed by actions. Subsequently history of languages could be studied intimately by the research of countries and tribes. There was a powerful impact of languages on the cultural conduct of countries all around the world. Languages have developed ever because the first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago completely different modes of communication had been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This further revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

“It is completely safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to “natural choice”, as long as we realize that there is no such thing as a substance to this assertion, that it amounts to nothing more than a perception that there is some naturalistic clarification for these phenomena.” [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can’t hint back in time that a certain language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages have been formed and adjusted gradually. Languages have quickly changed as well. The greatest reason of change in language is because of socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show rapid changes. The cultures which are remoted in a tribe or in a geographical space show a slow change in language. If there’s a lack of interaction there is a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from other cultures.

Language and tradition

If man wouldn’t have been interacting withother civilizations and tradition there would have no development of language. Language isn’t the invention of isolation; fairly it is the creation of socialization. For each growing, developed or grown tradition there was an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the times of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to different ethnic backgrounds having completely different dialects. Their languages developed into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu in the present time. Urdu is a spinoff of a number of languages which were spoken by the military of the Mughals. These soldiers were:

Turkish

Arabs

Pathans

Balochi

Afghans

Persians

Rajputs

Jats

The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word meaning army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of army or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution in the language Urdu has resulted due to the interaction of various dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was evolved in the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan family language includes Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was developed to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary part, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form a picture of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims within the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear distinction in the languages as Urdu had sure words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit did not have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims within the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu grew to become the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a powerful impact on the culture of India and additional revolutionized the language to give a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.

• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These had been Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule in the subcontinent words of English also turned a part of it. This change was not that obvious due to the clash with their rule.

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