Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the precise language we have to understand what precisely language means. For a layman I’d call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language isn’t just the alternate of words fairly it is communication of emotions, expressions, and beliefs. This could be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes or even vague or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the beginning of evolution of mankind. In several times the modes of communication among the mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to express refers to language. It includes the words which might be unsaid and expressed by actions. Due to this fact history of languages can be studied in detail by the examine of nations and tribes. There was a strong impact of languages on the cultural conduct of countries all over the world. Languages have developed ever for the reason that first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago totally different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

“It is perfectly safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to “natural selection”, as long as we realize that there isn’t a substance to this assertion, that it quantities to nothing more than a perception that there’s some naturalistic rationalization for these phenomena.” [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can not trace back in time that a sure language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages have been formed and changed gradually. Languages have quickly changed as well. The greatest reason of change in language is due to socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show fast changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical area show a slow change in language. If there’s a lack of interaction there is a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from different cultures.

Language and culture

If man would not have been interacting withother civilizations and tradition there would don’t have any development of language. Language is just not the invention of isolation; slightly it is the creation of socialization. For each growing, developed or grown tradition there was an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the occasions of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to totally different ethnic backgrounds having totally different dialects. Their languages evolved into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu in the present time. Urdu is a spinoff of a number of languages which were spoken by the military of the Mughals. These soldiers were:

Turkish

Arabs

Pathans

Balochi

Afghans

Persians

Rajputs

Jats

The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word meaning army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of military or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution within the language Urdu has resulted because of the interaction of different dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was developed within the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan family language consists of Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was evolved to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary part, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form an image of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims in the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a transparent distinction within the two languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit did not have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims in the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu turned the official language of the states ruled by Mughals. This laid a robust impact on the culture of India and additional revolutionized the language to give a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.

• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These were Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule within the subcontinent words of English also turned a part of it. This change was not that obvious due to the clash with their rule.

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